Population Size and Change
The essential needs of the Filipinos such as food, education, health, housing, recreation, safety and other social and cultural amenities, which the development programs aim to provide, cannot be realized without taking into account the size, composition and distribution of the population. It should be understood that population is the most important set of information for planning. It is the basis for determining the level of needs for public services like schools, health centers, recreational facilities, power, water, protective services, etc. Population creates local demand for goods and services affecting the level of economic activities in sustaining their viable existence in an area. The present and projected size of the population is an equally important input in assessing housing and other basic needs adequacy as well as calculating future demand. It also serves as a guide for allocating land for various uses [HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume II (2007)].
Total Population and Average Growth Rate
The results of the 2010 POPCEN show that the actual population size in the City of Santa Rosa has reached to 284,670 (Table 3). This recent total population count is 99,037 persons higher than in 2000. The increase in the population size of the city is shown in the annual growth rate of 4.37 percent for the period 2000-2010. The rate of population growth is at all times higher than the Philippines, Calabarzon Region, and Laguna Province's average annual growth rates. The estimated annual population growth rate of the country, region and of the province (2000-2010) is 1.90, 3.07 and 3.11 percent, respectively.
The average growth rate of 6.96 percent for the period 1990-2000 in Santa Rosa is the highest recorded population growth rate of the town. Moreover, the proportion of the city's population in 2010 to the province, region, and the country is 10.66, 2.26, and 0.31 percent, respectively.
Population Size and Change, City of Santa Rosa: 1990, 2000, & 2010
Source: National Statistics Office (NSO), Sta.Mesa, Manila
Total Population Enumerated in Various Censuses
Thirty five years ago, the population of Santa Rosa was only 47,639 persons. This population size increased almost five times in the 2010 actual census of population and housing (Figure 5-1). The population growth through the years can be attributed to the favorable economic development brought by the private sector, making Santa Rosa as an alternative location for businesses and residences other than Metropolitan Manila.