INFRASTRUCTURE

Roads and Bridges

Inventory of Roads, by Classification: City of Santa Rosa

Source: DPWH Region IV-A.

Source: DPWH Region IV-A.

Source: City Engineering Office, City of Santa Rosa, Laguna

Source: City Assessor Office, City of Santa Rosa, Laguna

Source: City Assessor Office, City of Santa Rosa, Laguna

Inventory of Bridges by Classification: City of Santa Rosa

Source: DPWH Region IV-A

Flood Control, Drainage and Irrigation

Flood Control and Drainage

The main receiving bodies of water for stormwater run-off in the city are the Santa Rosa River at the western boundary, the Diezmo and Cabuyao Rivers at the eastern side, and the Laguna de Bay. A system of storm drainage systems in the urban areas, residential areas and industrial estates convey runoff to these natural water bodies. These consist of reinforced-concrete pipes, open canals (either lined or unlined), and reinforced-concrete rectanqular culverts. Flooding is limited to tidal flooding in the lakeshore areas and river overflows. An area of around 50 hectares within the Diezmo River Irrigation System is prone to flooding.

Findings of the 2010 Site Investigation/Engineering Study for a Flood Control, Combined Drainage Sewerage System for the Santa Rosa Basin Project Interim Report, the existing drainage system in the 18 barangays of Santa Rosa City is a combination of circular pipe and rectangular channel. Most of the system is closed and about 90 is pipe. Based on the study, it reveals that most of the drainage structure are either insufficient to catch surface run-off due to structures are damaged. This condition coupled with encroachment of informal settlers along river banks resulting to flooding in the low lying areas. (p.13: 43-54). It was also observed during the field visit of the Study Team on February 12, 2016 that residential houses are found on the side of main canals.

In the recent study on “Participatory Watershed Land-use Management: An Approach for Integrated Climate Change Actions” of the University of the Philippines­Los Banos and Institute of Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) of Japan, it is estimated that the flood extent area of Santa Rosa City will increase by 22 percent in 2025, reckoned from 2014 level, if the current urban development scenario is allowed to run its course without intervention. This translates to 1,180 hectares of flooded areas, compared to 970 hectares in 2014. Th is projection is based on the rapid land conversion from agricultural to residential and industrial, thereby increasing impervious areas. (Figures 7.1 and 7.2)

The flooding from new land development, particularly in the downstream areas, was articulated in the 2012 Sectoral Analysis Workshop.

Figure 7-1: Significant Development in Flood-Prone Areas in Selected Areasin Laguna

Source: UPLB-IGES Presentation

Figure 7-2: Land Use Changes Model: Do Nothing Scenario

Source: UPLB-IGES Presentation

Irrigation

One factor that contributes to the declining cultivation of agricultural lands is the lack of irrigation. As of 2013, there is only one antiquated irrigation facility, rehabilitated in 2010, in Sta. Rosa City (Table 7.2.)

Table 7·2: Irrigation System of the City of Sta. Rosa, 2013

Source. City Agriculture Office, City of Sta. Rosa, Laguna

In addition to its own system, the rice areas of Santa. Rosa City is also served by an irrigation facility in Cabuyao, Laguna (Figure 7.3).

Table 7-3: Irrigation Facilities servicing Rice Areas of the City of Sta. Rosa

Source: City Agnculture Office, City of Sta. Rosa. Laguna

Flood Control, Drainage and Irrigation

As of 2013, a total of 65,807 households (94 percent of total households) in Santa Rosa City have access to safer water. Of those who have access, 65 percent are served by Level! and 35 percent by Level III systems. There are no households with access to Level II access to water.

Level III systems is operated by the Laguna Water Management Services Corporation, a subsidiary of the Manila Water Company, Inc. (MWCI). The Laguna Water sources the water supply from the Matangtubig springs in Cabuyao. The rest of the individual households rely on groundwater for drinking and domestic uses through water wells (Levell).

The Level III water system has poor level of service characterized by low to zero pressure during peak demand, high non-revenue water due to presence of leaks in pipes, and old and undersized pipes. Per capita demand ranges between 152 to 211 liters per day. Water rates as of 1999 are shown in Table 7.1 below:

Table 7-1: Raters (PhP) in Water Consumption in Santa Rosa City

Source: CBSR Waterworks System

On the other hand, Level I systems are not monitored and can led to groundwater exploitation. Based on the available 1998 data, groundwater extraction has already reached 60 of the safe groundwater yield. Santa Rosa has 110 ground water permits (domestic, commercial, industrial, and irrigation, municipal) with a total 

extraction of 1,431.616 liters per second (Ips). The specific capacity of the wells within the vicinity of Santa Rosa ranges from 1 to 30 liter per second per meter (I Is/m). Of these, 35 water rights/permits for domestic water supply, all of which are sourced from groundwater, have been issued by the National Water Resources Board (NWRB).

If left unchecked, the groundwater depths may increase resulting in higher pumping costs and further ground subsidence. It can also lead to degraded quality of water for the Level I system as articulated by participants during the 2012 Sectoral Analysis Workshop. The respondents complained that water from the wells are already getting dirty, tastes different, and at times looks gray or yellowish caused by the contamination of water wells and tables and has likely caused increase in water­related diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea. To make the water potable, some of the residents boil the water or use carbonized filter or alkaline distillers. There are residents who submit the well for testing and find that the water quality is still acceptable except during flood events.

Electric Power

Power Supply in South Luzon Region wherein Santa Rosa City is situated, is generated by power plants operated by the National Power Corporation (NPC) and by Independent Power Producers (IPPs) located in strategic parts of Luzon and supplied to the Luzon Grid attaining a capacity of 9,158 megawatts. Some power plants are located in the region, especially in the Province of Laguna (Makiling Banahaw Geothermal Power Plant), Batangas (Calaca Coal Fired Power Plant) and Quezon (Pagbilao and Hopewell Coal Fired Power Plant). Power is distributed by the Manila Electric Company.

Although the existing structure of MERALCO as the power distributor is deemed equal to the required service provision in the area, it is important that alternative sources of electricity be developed to reduce the use of fuel generators during power interruptions.

As articulated during the 2012 Sectoral Analysis Workshop, there is also a need for government centers to become LEED-certified to set a good example in efficient energy management.

Information and Communications Technology

The Communication facilities in Santa Rosa is telecom ready with the availability of telecommunications services, specifically fixed landline telephone (by PLOT, DIGITEL), cellular/mobile telephone (Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular) and broadband carriers (Globe, Smart, PLOT, Bayantel). Internet Service Providers (ISP) is powered by fiber optic cable network infrastructure and wireless technology. Courier services are provided by private entities like OHL FEOEX and LBCAIR. National and local newspapers and broadsheets circulate regularly. Satellite antenna – based cable TV stations – Royal Cable, SkyCable and Cignal Cable- operate in all areas.

However, there are two key areas of concern in the leT sub-sector as identified during the 2012 Sectoral Analysis Workshop. These are:

Minimal inreliable access to the internet of government centers which hamper efficiency for conducting business;

Unreliable communications due to intermittent mobile phone signals within the city and the use of non-fiber optics telephone lines. The latter has created apprehension among investors relying on ICT in as much as the desired infrastructure is already in place.

Transportation

SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS

Sectoral Analysis Workshop

In the situational analysis gleaned from the Sectoral Analysis Workshop Output conducted as part of the Sectoral Situational Analysis and Planning activity for the Updating of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) for 2012-2022, conducted last September 18, 2012, the observations of issues and concerns related to the transportation sector were identified, along with their implications or effects. Possible interventions were also identified, in the same forum.

The summary of the same forum noted that:

For the Transportation sector, issues include the Lack of Traffic Masterplan which is also Indicated in the CLUP 2000-2015 but was not pursued, Minimal Use of Bicycles which is Environment Friendly and Good for the Health, Lack of a dedicated public transport system linking the east (old city area) to the west part of the city (west) NUVALI area which is Costly and inconvenient to the commuting public, Lack of ferries traveling from one LGU to another using the Laguna de Bay route which may lessen the load of commuters using public roads, No Motorpool / Impounding Area which means Impounded vehicles are just parked in front of the PNP stations, Lack of traffic signs which limits people’s traffic rules awareness and Lack of pedestrian overpass in heavy traffic and accident prone areas which put Pedestrian at high-risk to motor accidents.

In addition, other positive observetions surfaced like Improved Capability and safety of CTMEO staff and the CTMEO Starting Partnership with Toyota Automotive Philippines and the Rotary Club in local traffic education.

Solutions presented were Conduct strategic Traffic Impact assessment, Promote the three E’s of traffic management, Participatory plan formulation, Provision of Bicycle lanes, Bicycle specific route, etc. aside from sidewalk, construction of a local railroad system connecting the old city to the more developed part of the city or a new route of public vehicles from east to south, Accreditation of Ferries – promotion of water transport as a means of traveling, Trainings, capacity building, hiring of additional staff if needed, additional equipment, Traffic safety park, inclusion of traffic safety education in school children’s curriculum, construction of motorpool, strengthen partnership with the civil society and Provision of pedestrian overpass in accident prone areas.

While these observations may be considered valid descriptions of the situation at that time, the manner of analysis emphasizes the non-implementation of specific “solutions”, which appear to remain largely unimplemented. At the same time, the above observations do not address the cause of the increase in traffic volumes, which are rooted in the shift in land-use types to greater density and greater traffic generation. It is important to consider that capacity in the road network, or the transportation at large, has not kept pace with the increase in traffic. While the shorter-term goal should be the alleviation of congestion thru the increase in capacity of the transportation system, it is necessary to increase awareness among the decision-makers and the general public that this will not be sustainable if reliance on private motor vehicles is encouraged. Instead, the thrust in the increase of capacity of the transportation system should emphasize public transport and forms of private mobility that take up less road space (such as bicycles or walking), but this will still have to be supported by a general increase in road network capacity.

CLUP

For the “ROADS AND TRANSPORT” sector, the major thrust was set as the development of additional road links that will provide the needed transport infrastructure support in realizing the vision for the municipality. In view of the planned industrialization, wider roads and better traffic management schemes will have to be put in place.
The corresponding GOAL was, to ensure that the mobility of people and goods is facilitated through the provision of an efficient transportation network.
Achieved through the objectives:
1. To strengthen the link of the municipality with other areas; and
2. To increase accessibility within the municipality
Targets were set as:
1. Implementation of proposed national road and regional projects within the planning period.
2. Strengthening of the existing road network.

Development Strategies that were identified:
Endorsement and support to the implementation of the MCX project – The rehabilitation and improvement of the PNR commuter services will markedly enhance public transport services in the municipality. This will reduce the need for more road linkages, with the rail providing an efficient and reliable means of public transportation. The improved mobility of people and goods will also prop the economy. Support for this transport project shall be reflected in the LGU aid in the relocation of squatters. Consideration of related developments at the stations will also further promote the rai/way’s viability in a synergistic system. The LGU endorsement shall be forwarded to the DOTC along with the overall development plans for the municipality.
Provision of additional road links In view of the plan to convert the portion of the municipality on the western side of the SLEX to an urban growth area, major road links should be constructed.
These road sections should be of sufficient width to accommodate the movements of large vehicles. Additional road links should also be provided on the eastern side in order to supplement the existing network.

A connection to Cabuyao through the construction of a secondary road is also recommended as an additional inter-municipality link.

In the same CLUP, the following table showed the estimated costs and proposed timelines for each (Table 7.6) Considering the rapid urbanization rate of Santa rosa City that would entail the influx of more migrants and economic activities, it can be surmised that more roads need to be constructed, widened and improved within the ten-year planning period. Figures 7.3 and 7.4 show the current network of major roads and locations of bridges on which new transport projects will be proposed udirng the next planning cycle.

Table 7-6: Estimated Costs and Proposed Timelines for Transport Development Projects

Potentials

There are some areas which are yet to be developed and the city may have a chance to shape additions to the road network, if appropriate controls or incentives are put in place to encourage the provision of the necessary right-ot­way for such roads.

There are some areas which are yet to be developed and the city may have a chance to shape additions to the road network, if appropriate controls or incentives are put in place to encourage the provision of the necessary right-ot­way for such roads.

Constraints

Actual influence at feasible incentives and/or controls may still not be enough to encourage the provision (or even for land owners to allow the acquisition of some sections) of land for new road right-of-way.

Recommended Projects and Programs

These would still be subject to the complete evaluation of the projects and programs that were identified in the previous CLUP.

Waste Disposal

Sewerage and Sanitation

It is estimated that about 64,775 households (93 of total) have private sanitary toilets and complete sanitation facilities. However, with the exception of industrial estates, there is no sewerage system in Santa Rosa City. Direct disposal of domestic wastewater through soil percolation or through drainage canals or directly to surface water bodies can contribute to the deterioration of creeks, rivers and the Laguna Lake.

A special concern for this infrastructure sub-sector is the lack of sanitation and toilet facilities during disaster response as identified during the 2012 Sectoral Analysis Workshop. It was noted that there is an increase in the number families getting sick while in evacuation centers.

Solid Waste Disposal System

In 2013, the number of households with satisfactory garbage disposal was estimated to be around 95 percent, a slight decline from the 2011 figure of 98 percent. This is considered to be outstanding rate of solid waste disposal at the household level.

Table 7-4: Rate of Solid Waste Disposal at the Household Level in Santa Rosa City

The City of Santa Rosa has adopted a 1 O-year Solid Waste Management Plan which requires that the City Government, through the supervision of the City ENRO, provide daily garbage collection on the 18 barangays, including almost all private subdivision. PTAC uses 29 dump trucks tracking different routes per day. Industries, shopping malls, restaurants, and high-end residential subdivisions have their own private hauler to collect and dispose their waste including special wastes.

It also includes the operation of the Eco-Waste Center, located at the Barangay Market Area, to convert biodegradable wastes from the Santa Rosa Public Market into an organic fertilizer through the process of composting. These wastes include rotten fruits and vegetables, fruit and vegetable peelings, chicken innards, fish gills, scales and innards. An estimated of 50 kilos of wastes per day are being collected from the public market.

The collected wastes in the City of Santa Rosa are hauled directly to the sanitary landfill of the Pilotage Trading and Construction (PTAC) in Brgy. San Antonio in San Pedro, Laguna with an ECCLLDA-2006-095-92001. The sanitary landfill has an area of 12 hectares with a capacity of not more than 200 metric tons per day. An estimated of 600 cubic meters of wastes are being collected per day from the 18 urban barangays of the City of Santa Rosa. All raw and assorted garbage are disposed to the landfill area wherein the recyclables are being collected by the waste pickers who are legally recognized by PTAC. These waste pickers are educated and trained for the proper waste management system. They are provided uniforms and safety personal protective equipments (PPE) such as gloves, masks, and boots.

The main issue identified as far as solid waste is the lack of land for MRF and pick­up stations. Residents complain when these facilities are near their houses with the fear of diseases and bad odor and fumes.

Sports and Recreation Facilities

Public Sports and Recreation Facilities in Santa Rosa

The following table lists the public sports and recreation facilities in Santa Rosa City as of 2013.

Table 5-94: Public Sports and Recreation Facilities, by Barangay, City of Santa Rosa, 2013

Private Sports and Recreation Facilities in Santa Rosa City

The following table lists the private sports and recreation facilities in Santa Rosa City as of 2013.

Table 5-95: Private Sports and Recreation Facilities, by Barangay, City of Santa Rosa, 2013

Cemeteries and Markets

Cemeteries/Memorial Parks, City of Santa Rosa, Laguna

Source: Business Permit and Licensing Office, City of Santa Rosa, Laguna

Source: City Planning and Development Office, City of Santa Rosa, Laguna

Slaughterhouse and Public Markets

The Blessed City of Santa Rosa is embarking more and more on rabies prevention, eradication and control for companion animals (20,000 dogs and cats), wherein no rabies case since late 2007 up to the present was reported (source: DOH Reg.4A) also, marked improvements on production and revenue from the City abattoir noted. From a mere NMIS “A” accreditation (2004) now to an NMIS “AA” accredited establishement and Laguna’s best (Awardee: Most outstanding slaughterhouse of Laguna, Laguna Meat Congress, October, 2011) wherein the average daily slaughter is 175: hogs, 2.46:cattle and 1.36:carabao. Live animals for slaughter are sourced from the Provinces of Batangas and Quezon, while all carcasses are sold in the City’s three major wet markets (Santa Rosa-Poblacion market, Balibago commercial complex market and Paseo country market) Talipapa (Balibago, Dila, Dita and Labas) and to the neighboring towns of Biñan and Cabuyao.

Source: City Planning and Development Office, City of Santa Rosa, Laguna

Projects

To address the issues that have been identified in the various infrastructure and utilities sub-sectors, the following projects have been proposed through the CLUP and other studies conducted. These are as follows:

Level III Water Supply

This will entail the development of new water sources (mainly deep wells), storage facilities, pump stations, transmission and distribution lines, and rehabilitation of existing facilities. The estimated additional service population is about 22,000 in the short-term, 46,000 in the medium-term, and 42,000 in the long-term.

As discussed above, this shall be undertaken by CBSRWS but nonetheless, private sector participation should be explored.

Bulk Water Supply

This entails the development of water sources (deep well fields and/or surface water sources), treatment plants, storage facilities, and transmission lines. A bulk water project in the bay area is expected to serve not only Santa Rosa, but adjoining towns as well, and a significant percentage of revenues would come from industrial estates/firms. As discussed above, this could be undertaken by the CBSRWS and/or the private sector. This is envisaged in the long-term.

Groundwater Use Metering/Monitoring Program

This would involve inter-local co-operation and involves groundwater baseline studies (groundwater levels, water quality, use allocation, saltwater intrusion) and a water use regulation program.

Septage Treatment Plant Development

This entails development of a septage treatment plant. A plant could be put up solely for Santa Rosa City, but a bigger capacity plant could be constructed to cater to several towns. Revenues would be in the form of “tipping” fees to be charged to the private “Malabanan” desludging companies. This shall be implemented by the local government(s). This shall be undertaken in the short-term.

Sanitation Project

This involves the construction of communal toilets in depressed communities and in key public areas.

Community Sewerage System

This will involve the construction of a domestic sewage collection system and sewage treatment plants. Target areas will be the Urban Redevelopment and Growth Management Areas. This long-term project will help in the reduction of pollution loads that cause deterioration of rivers and creeks as well as the Laguna de Bay.

River Capacity Enhancement

River capacity enhancement, particularly the widening of Santa Rosa Labas and Caingin rivers, construction of new drainage system and compulsory provision of  sewer system has been found the most realistic measure to address the twin concerns of flowing and river pollution confronting the City of Santa Rosa.

The status of these projects will be confirmed and duly integrated in the upgrading of the CLUP, in consideration of the recommendations from the 2012 Sectoral Analysis Workshop which includes:
a. Flood zoning and special building codes for flood zones
b. Involvement of local barangays to allocate MRF spaces to be funded by the city government. A massive information and educational campaign is also helpful to convince local residents about the merits of MRF.

Contact Us

Address
J.P Rizal BLVD. Brgy. Malusak
City of Santa Rosa Laguna , Philippines 4026 
Local Number(049)530-0015(LOCAL 0)
City of Santa Rosa Laguna, Manila Line
(02) 8519-4024